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Problémy generace z a alfa spojené s fenoménem odcizováním člověka přírodě

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dc.contributor.author Jančaříková, Kateřina
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-24T09:53:53Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-24T09:53:53Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.issn 1211-2720
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.specpeda.cz/handle/0/1608
dc.description.abstract V příspěvku jsou nastíněny vybrané důsledky odcizování člověka přírodě. Dopady odci- zování člověka přírodě jsou dnes vnímány jako problémy nejen environmentalisty, neboť zasahují do mnoha oblastí, včetně pedagogiky a speciální pedagogiky. Nejvýrazněji se projevují u nových generací, tedy generací Z a alfa, které jsou v úvodu článku stručně představeny. Konkrétně je pozornost věnována těmto problémům: stále menší pochopení živých systémů a tvoření miskonceptů (viz Ubohá myška, zlá sova), narůstající strach z venkovního prostředí, živočichů, rostlin, stromů, nemocí (viz Biofobie), menší obratnost v oblasti hrubé motoriky, především ve schopnosti pohybu v přírodním prostředí (viz Syndrom padajících dětí), méně svobodného pohybu a menší obratnost v oblasti jemné motoriky, která se projevuje neschopností používat tradiční nástroje (viz Nedělej to, ať si neublížíš!) následkem přílišné starostlivosti rodičů (viz Syndrom intenzivního rodičovství), nárůst spotřebitelství (viz Dudleyho syndrom), přeceňování významu odívání (viz Syndrom růžové princezny) a také často k neblahým cílům vedoucí nenasytná a nerelevantní touha po přírodě (viz Útěky do divočiny). Pojmenování a popis jevů (doplněné příklady z praxe) je prvním krokem k nápravě cs
dc.description.abstract In the last two generations, Z and Alpha (Poosnick-Goodwin, 2010a and 2010b) the consequences of alienation from nature are emerging with even greater severity than in preceding generations. The article presents some of the problems that this alienation is causing. People who are growing up in alienation from nature do not know, deny and fail to respect natural environmental principles. They brand naturalphenomena (hunting, predation, secretion, death) revolting or disgusting and reject them. Their decision-making capacity about nature is impaired. Biophobia is fear of nature and everything living, including natural processes (e.g. spontaneous birth). Biophobia can be induced (Watson, 1920) and that is what is happening in society today. Fear of nature, the natural, animals, plants, trees is growing in generation Z. An 11% growth in fear of nature among younger primaryschool pupils has been documented between the years 2005-2015 (Jančaříková, 2015). Child Falling Syndrome is characterised by poor coordination on uneven non-surfaced terrain and afflicts children and young people who have not had a chance to move about in natural outdoor conditions in their childhood (Bai et al., 2010). In the Czech Republic there has been concern about falling children since the 1990s (Strejčková, 1998). Falling children feel uncomfortable in the countryside and don’t want to go there. Their presence in the class has been having a limiting effect on out-of-school activities, excursions and trips. Intensive parenting is based on the idea that the child and the fulfilment of his needs should be the constant centre of the mother’s (parents’) life (Hays, 1996, cited in Rizzo et al., 2013). Mothers are now tending to become obsessive about the protection of children (diet, consumer items, hygiene, allergens, clothing and footwear, avoidance of risk of injury, animals). The children of over-protective parents are known as glasshouse or spacesuit bubble children. There is evidence in line with the hygiene hypothesis (Strachan, 1989) that they have a greater risk of immune sys- tem disorders and above all higher rates of allergies. In adulthood they are putting off leaving home and founding their own families. Dudley Dursley syndrome is the name that has been given to individuals- -consumers who can never get enough and are used to having their needs (food, drink, toys and other consumer articles) satisfied immediately. This syndrome is associated with diminishing perseverance and an unwilling- ness or even inability to overcome obstacles, and all this is being reflected in study and work results and social relationships, the risk of obesity, and dependences. Pink Princess Syndrome describes children who are always in brand- name clothing and shoes, and have no tracksuits or other play clothing, which means that especially in preschool years they are inhibited in play with contemporaries, contact with nature and the development of gross locomotor skills. At primary school they sometimes tease and even bully classmates who do not have brand-name clothing.Escapes into the Wilderness represent a radical change of life style, rebellion against the lifestyle of parents and a cultural phenomenon (Bruner, 2005). It is an extreme reaction to realisation of one’s own alienation and lack of happiness; many escapes end in fiasco, because the actors have insufficient knowledge and capacity to cope in a natural environment (Krakauer, 1998). The article briefly mentions the ever more intensive expressions of a counter-culture, e.g. voluntarily frugality movement, preppers, forest nursery schools. This interdisciplinary article identifies and names various phenomena that are ever more frequent in the new generations and alerts teachers and special teachers to the need for new approaches, some of which (education based on relationship to place, eco-narratology, education with the help of animals etc.) are presented. en
dc.format.extent 131-144; 14 stran cs
dc.language.iso cs cs
dc.publisher Univerzita Karlova v Praze cs
dc.relation.ispartofseries Speciální pedagogika cs
dc.relation.ispartofseries 26;2
dc.subject odcizení přírodě cs
dc.subject biofobie cs
dc.subject Dudleyho syndrom cs
dc.subject syndrom růžové princezny cs
dc.subject syndrom padajících dětí, cs
dc.subject intenzivní rodičovství, cs
dc.subject skleníkové děti, cs
dc.subject skafandrové děti cs
dc.subject útěky do divočiny cs
dc.subject generace Z cs
dc.subject generace alfa. cs
dc.title Problémy generace z a alfa spojené s fenoménem odcizováním člověka přírodě cs
dc.type Article cs

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